Liu Kuo-sung December 21, 2019 – May 31, 2020 Kaohsiung Museum of Fine Arts
Liu Kuo-sung, Moon Walk, 1969
Liu Kuo-sung, Blue Moon Landscape, 1969 – 1990
Liu Kuo-sung, Wintry Mountains Covered with Snow, 1964
Liu Kuo-sung, Mountain Beyond Mountains, 1968
Liu Kuo-sung, Valley in the Shade of the Darkness, 1979
Liu Kuo-sung, Rising Clouds, 1989
Liu Kuo-sung, Ripples: Jiuzhaigou Valley Series No. 12, 2001
To the Moon exhibition consists of 64 works by the avant-garde contemporary ink painterLiu Kuo-sung (Liu Guosong). The works on display are classified by subject matter into Calligraphic Abstraction, Space, Water Rubbing, Steeped Ink, and Tibetan Suite series; the dates these works span the half-century period from 1964 to the present. The exhibition not only provides an in-depth look at the artist’s personal creative history, but can be also be seen as historical retrospective of the development of art in Taiwan
Liu Kuo-sung’s artistic style was forged during a period of roughly six years in the 1960’s. At that time, he used abstract art concepts to develop a minimalist expressive approach to traditional Chinese ink painting, while also employing a downward-looking or bird’s-eye view perspective to create landscapes that seem to be viewed from the air. His nimble changes of viewing angle, large focal brushstrokes, and attention to detail give his ink paintings a distinctive style; his works of this type can be classified as belonging to his wild cursive abstract series.
On Christmas Eve in 1968, America’s Apollo 8 spacecraft gave the world a gift from lunar orbit—a photograph of Earth from the moon. Inspired by this photo and the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey, Liu Kuo-sung began furiously working on paintings featuring the sun, earth, moon, and their different phases. When the astronauts on Apollo 11 completed the first moon landing in 1969, this milestone in human history completely transformed the then 37 Liu Kuo-sung’s artistic vision. From this point on, his art spun off countless fantasies and variations; his works of this type are huge in number, and span different periods, but are generally classified as belonging to his well-known Space series.
At around the same time, Liu Kuo-sung continued to retain the essence of traditional painting, and neglected neither the physical principles of figurative, realistic painting, nor the imagined spaces of abstract freehand brushwork, which is attested by works from the various stages of his artistic career: His early novice stage, academy and painting association periods, his abstract wild cursive paintings and space paintings, and when he was making his later grand landscape paintings displaying innovative techniques—all of these periods displayed the fruits of his cumulative study and practice. The realism of some of his works attains an intensely micro focus, but also subtly conveying an abstract expressive spirit, while the overall image still consisted of a figurative landscape picture.
Liu Kuo-sung regards the deep elements of traditional culture with an artist’s curiosity. He employs experimental and innovative techniques in his ink paintings, which gives his works a sense of modernity and contemporaneity. In view of Liu’s deep gratitude and affection for Taiwan, the Kaohsiung Museum of Fine Arts has specially assembled a task team to gathered all available assistance to accomplish this meaningful exhibition, which commemorates the 70th anniversary of Liu Kuo-sung’s arrival in Taiwan, and have drawn on the artist’s lifelong indomitable spirit as a response to the courage and initiative shown by humankind’s first moon landing half a century ago.
Liu Kuo-sung Teacher & Students Group Exhibition January 31 – February 28, 2015
Liu Kuo-sung, Dreaming of the immortal's Home, 2014
Liu Kuo-sung, Divine Mountain, Holy Water, 2014
Liu Kuo-sung, Blue Waves Welcome the Dawn, 2014
Liu Kuo-sung, Rainy Spring Water, 2009
Liu Kuo-sung, Daybreak, 2009
Leung Tung-choi, 2011 No. 5, 2011
Lin Hsiang-yuan, Emerald Mountains XLV, 2015
Liu Chen-fu, The Place Missed, Day and Night II, 2015
Chuang Shu-chen, Fissures, 2014
Wu Pui-wah, Leaping of White Lines Series No. 50, 2015
Respected as the Father of Modern Ink Painting in Taiwan, Hong Kong, and China, Liu Kuo-sung has promoted the modernization of Chinese art for over fifty years. In order to revitalize Chinese ink painting in accordance to the times, Liu Kuo-sung has initialed new thought in published articles, experimented with unconventional painting materials, and created innovative painting techniques; as well as assembled artist groups, opened numerous classes with a legion of students, and tirelessly hosted countless exhibitions and academic seminars all over the world – all for the development of modern ink painting.
Since 2010, modern ink painting has implicitly become a worthy rival to oil painting in Chinese contemporary art. Highly acclaimed by international art institutions, collectors, and auction houses, the genre and its rise must be credited to Liu Kuo-sung’s tireless effort in hosting exhibitions and academic seminars across mainland China in the last thirty years. Since then, countless Chinese artists have acknowledged being inspired by Liu’s theories and innovations. In recognition of Liu’s accomplishments and contributions to Chinese art and art education in China, in 2011 China’s Ministry of Culture bestowed Liu with the Chinese Art and Literature Life-time Achievement Award.
In recent years, Liu Kuo-sung has assembled the Tension of the White Line painting group and also Liu Kuo-sung Teacher & Student Exhibition in numerous private and public art museums in Taiwan and China. Together, these artist who share the same faith in modern ink painting, wield their own artistic styles to bring forward brand new possibilities in ink and wash. And yet, this is only the beginning to the rise of the fascinating genre. Liu Kuo-sung’s dream of leading modern ink painting in becoming the renowned mainstream of Chinese art has finally been realized.
Liu Kuo-sung, Lake's Reflection of Snow, Bright as a Mirror, 2012
Liu Kuo-sung, Surrounding Mountains, Towering Peak, 2012
Since the 1960s, Liu Kuo-sung held the banner that called for the modernization Chinese Ink Painting. From Taiwan, Liu carried out a world-shaking revolution throughout the Chinese world, surging through the West, sweeping Hong Kong, and inspiring mainland China. Today, this internationally renowned master, is no longer alone in his pursuit and revolution as a isolated peak. His breakthrough concepts and ideas, not only nourished countless artists throughout the Chinese world, but also set a strong foundation for the development of modern ink painting. In examining his contributions to Chinese art and his artistic achievements as a whole, Liu’s position today can be fittingly described as a towering peak among surrounding mountains.
October 5 – December 1, 2013 Reception: Saturday, October 5, 2013, 3:00 pm Hours: Tuesday – Saturday, 2:00 – 6:00 pm